republic of lucca

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The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article In 1805 Lucca was taken over by Napoleon, who put his sister Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi in the place reserved for the "Queen of Etruria". In 1817 it was given to Maria Luisa, widow of the King of Etruria, whose son Carlo Ludovico ceded it to Tuscany in 1847. Initially built as a defensive rampart, once the walls lost their military importance they became a pedestrian promenade, the Passeggiata delle Mura Urbane, a street atop the walls linking the bastions. Country Italian Republic of Lucca Reign Henry III-V. (1039-1125) Denomination Denar Date Struck ND. 1548: Francesco Burlamacchi, Lucca republican. The city became a part of Tuscany in 1847 and later a part of Italy. The Republic of Lucca was an ancient State of Tuscany which lasted from 1160 to 1805. Lucca was founded by the Etruscans (there are traces of an earlier Ligurian settlement in the 3rd century BC called Luk meaning marsh in which the name Lucca originated) and became a Roman colony in 180 BC. The research intends to acquire the interest of Lucca records kept in Spanish Archives and primarily the Archivo General de Simancas; to produce a database of instructions, reports and dispatches concerning major diplomatic missions at the courts of Madrid, Naples, Milan, with particular regard to the sixteenth and … Most Serene Republic (Latin: Serenissima Respublica) is a title attached to a number of European states through history. For almost 500 years, Lucca remained an independent republic. It is also the birthplace of artist Benedetto Brandimarte. In 1799 Lucca was joined to the Cisalpine Republic. The only reigning dukes of Lucca were Maria Luisa of Spain, who was succeeded by her son Charles II, Duke of Parma in 1824. It is famous for its intact Renaissance-era city walls.[4][5]. Costume procession through the town's roads. Lucca hosts the annual Lucca Comics and Games festival, Europe's largest festival for comics, movies, games and related subjects. Republic of Lucca Lucca was the second largest Italian city-state (after Venice) with a republican constitution ("comune"). Lucca was a frontier outpost on the northern boundary of the Republic. And here is the Luccan Republic on a map: Central Europe after the Peace of Basel (1795) and of Campo Formio (1797) More History As part of Tuscany, it became part of the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1860 and finally part of the Italian State in 1861. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Republic lasted from 1160 to 1805. The main participants in the treaty were Alexander I, the King of Switzerland; and Guglielmo de' Medici, the then-Doge of Lucca. Corrections? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. At the Lucca Conference, in 56 BC, Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus reaffirmed their political alliance known as the First Triumvirate.[6][7]. Under the Lombards, it was the seat of a duke who minted his own coins. Lucca became prosperous through the silk trade that began in the eleventh century, and came to rival the silks of Byzantium. The Republic of Lucca was a historic state of Italy, which lasted from 1160 to 1805 on the central Italian peninsula.. Its territory extended beyond the city of Lucca, reaching the surrounding countryside in the north-western part of today's Tuscany region, to the borders with Emilia-Romagna and Liguria.. This bridge is important because historically the border line between the territory of the Republic of Lucca and the Estense Duchy passed here. Republic of Lucca synonyms, Republic of Lucca pronunciation, Republic of Lucca translation, English dictionary definition of Republic of Lucca. Republic of Lucca A small Italian city-state from 1100 until its dismemberment by Napoleon in 1799, the Republic of Lucca was for centuries capital of Tuscany, and rivalled Florence in greatness. Finally the French prevailed and granted a democratic constitution in the 1801. During the eighth-tenth centuries Lucca was a center of Jewish life, the community being led by the Kalonymos family (which at some point during this time migrated to Germany to become a major component of proto-Ashkenazic Jewry). It is a commercial and industrial center and an agricultural market (olive oil, wine, and tobacco). On 22 and 23 September 1325, in the battle of Altopascio, Castracani defeated Florence's Guelphs. 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